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Violence, Restorative Justice, and Forgiveness

Violence, Restorative Justice, and Forgiveness

Dyadic Forgiveness and Energy Shifts in Restorative Justice Dialogue

Marilyn Armour and Mark Umbreit

Quick Overview

This major and original research project shows how restorative justice dialogue works, and highlights the role of forgiveness within it. Based on interviews of victims who went through Victim Offender Dialogue, it looks at how energy shifts in dialogue between offender and victim can lessen the toxicity associated with the crime.
Details Price Qty
Paperback / softback
2018, 9.72in x 7.17in / 247mm x 182mm, 336pp
ISBN: 9781785927959
2018, ePUB, 336pp
ISBN: 978-1-78450-795-4
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A groundbreaking book founded on extensive original research, designed to determine how restorative dialogue works, and the role of forgiveness within it.

The research involved interviews with 20 victims who went through a Victim Offender Dialogue (used in crimes of severe violence), and documents how the shifts in energy during the course of their dialogue moves the toxicity associated with the crime to a different place. This study explores the role of bilateral forgiveness in restorative work and addresses key questions about the role of forgiveness in restorative justice, such as how it can be measured. It also outlines a model which explains how the energy flow of dyadic forgiveness in restorative justice dialogue is formed.

Rich in data and in findings, this book will deepen understanding of how restorative justice works, and will inform future research and practice in the field.


'Armour and Umbreit make a giant leap in the restorative justice discussion. Fascinating reading, and this is a truly new way of speaking about and thinking about the Victim Offender Meditation/Dialogue. This is well worth the read!'
- Everett L. Worthington, Jr., Author of Forgiveness and Spirituality in Psychotherapy: A Relational Approach (with Steven J. Sandage; APA Books)

'An important new theoretical model based on the best of qualitative research-a deep dive into 20 restorative justice dialogues to explain how these encounters created profound psychological transformation for victims of terrible violence.'
- David R. Karp, PhD, Professor of Sociology, Skidmore College